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SHIRLEY — The fiscal year 2009 school budget is balanced through the end of this school year, but that is subject to change, according to business manager Evan Katz.

In a report presented at the March 11 School Committee meeting, Katz said that enrollment, energy costs or special education hikes could tilt the balance, or a late-year cut in state aid could lead to further reductions and affect staff and services. And there’s not much room for correction.

“The School Department reserves for its $8.5 million budget are very limited,” he said.

Some line items tend to rise and fall as conditions change, he said, such as school choice revenue, tuition for Devens students, income from early learning and extended day programs and special education costs.

Although the budget the committee previously voted for is adequate to meet the district’s current needs, projections may change quickly based on enrollment, utility costs and special education services, Katz said.

Chairman Bob Prescott said the insurance question is still on the table, including proposed changes in plan designs and in the top-heavy employer-employee split. The town seeks a 75/25 split, with the town paying the bulk of the premium. That proposal is still on the table, pending a recommendation from an insurance advisory group that’s looking at cost-cutting options. One is to change carriers. Another is to rework the top-heavy split that divides premium payments between the town, as employer, and employees.

The goal is to achieve a 75/25 split across the board, including unions. Teachers now receive 90/10 coverage on individual plans (with the school paying 90 percent) and 80/20 on family plans.

At the last meeting, the budget group — which consists of the selectmen and representatives of the Finance and School committees — tried to target a “fair and equitable” split, Prescott said.

To maintain level services, the school budget should grow by $244,000, or 2.8 percent, said interim Superintendent Malcolm “Mac” Reid. Historically, that would be considered par for the course, he said, but not this year.

Last week, with the division of the deficit between the school and municipal sides of the budget still unresolved, Reid said he was asked to get together with the town administrator to hammer out a resolution, which he had already begun to do. “We made considerable progress this afternoon,” Reid said.

But a key piece of the give-and-take hasn’t been resolved. Prescott, at a previous Budget Committee meeting, called for the transfer of $62,000 from health insurance savings to the school district to “make teachers whole.” With that money on tap, the district could negotiate for the 75/25 insurance split the town is looking for, he said.