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That collective end-of-summer sigh is almost audible as adults and children prepare to return to the rigors of a new school year.

Local schools have been busy with enthusiastic teachers and administrators preparing for the return of youth and life to the quiet halls and classrooms.

For most of our children, the return to school will begin next week. Ayer, Shirley and North Middlesex will return on Tuesday; Harvard on Wednesday; Groton on Thursday. Nashoba Tech students have a few more days. They start school on Sept. 6.

According to the National Safety Council, for some 22 million students nationwide, the school day begins and ends with a trip on a school bus. Unfortunately, each year many children are injured and several are killed in school bus incidents.

School bus-related crashes killed 164 persons and injured an estimated 18,000 persons nationwide in 1999, according to data from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) and General Estimates System (GES).

Over the past six years, about 70 percent of the deaths in fatal school bus-elated crashes were occupants of vehicles other than the school bus and 20 percent were pedestrians.

About 4 percent were school bus passengers and 2 percent were school bus drivers.

Although drivers of all vehicles are required to stop for a school bus when it is stopped to load or unload passengers, children should not rely on them to do so. The National Safety Council encourages parents to teach their children these rules for getting on and off the school bus.

Getting on the school bus

* When waiting for the bus, stay away from traffic and avoid roughhousing or other behavior that can lead to carelessness. Do not stray onto streets, alleys or private property.

* Line up away from the street or road as the school bus approaches.

* Wait until the bus has stopped and the door opens before stepping onto the roadway.

* Use the hand rail when stepping onto the bus.

Behavior on the bus

* When on the bus, find a seat and sit down. Loud talking or other noise can distract the bus driver and is not allowed.

* Never put head, arms or hands out of the window.

* Keep aisles clear — books or bags are tripping hazards and can block the way in an emergency.

* Before you reach your stop, get ready to leave by getting your books and belongings together.

* At your stop, wait for the bus to stop completely before getting up from your seat. Then, walk to the front door and exit, using the hand rail.

Getting off the school bus

* If you have to cross the street in front of the bus, walk at least 10 feet ahead of the bus along the side of the road, until you can turn around and see the driver.

* Make sure that the driver can see you.

* Wait for a signal from the driver before beginning to cross.

* When the driver signals, walk across the road, keeping an eye out for sudden traffic changes.

* Do not cross the center line of the road until the driver has signaled that it is safe for you to begin walking.

* Stay away from the bus’s rear wheels at all times.

Correct way to cross the street

* Children should always stop at the curb or the edge of the road and look left, then right, and then left again before crossing.

* They should continue looking in this manner until they are safely across.

* If students’ vision is blocked by a parked car or other obstacle, they should move out to where drivers can see them and they can see other vehicles — then stop, and look left-right-left again.

There will also be many children walking and biking to school.

In this era of prevalent cell-phone use while we drive, let’s watch out for the children, treating each and every one as our own.

Preventing an accident is a whole lot easier than dealing with one.

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