BOSTON -- Gov. Charlie Baker said he finds cause for concern with many of the proposed cuts in President Donald Trump's budget blueprint released Thursday, including an "alarming" reduction in federal research spending that he cast as a more immediate concern for Massachusetts than the repeal of the Affordable Care Act.

Trump released a $1.1 trillion spending blueprint for the country on Thursday that increases federal spending on defense, border security, law enforcement and school choice initiatives, but makes deep cuts to research spending, environmental protection and affordable housing.

The White House defended the blueprint as a budget that would advance safety and security for all citizens without adding to the national debt, but the details quickly fostered consternation among state and local officials.

Many of the proposals are likely to be reworked by Congress.

"The first thing I saw was the big cut to the NIH, the National Institutes of Health. The National Institutes of Health have always been, for the most part, a bipartisan initiative," Baker said during his monthly radio appearance on WGBH's "Boston Public Radio."

The Trump budget for the fiscal year that starts in October would reduce NIH funding by $5.8 billion to $25.9 billion, a 22 percent reduction that the administration said would include a major reorganization, reduced administrative costs and a refocusing of resources on "highest priority research."

Baker said the NIH is a "key driver to all sort of discovery" that helps fuel academic research in Massachusetts and in the biopharmaceutical, medical device and other industries.


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"It's not just bad for Massachusetts, it's bad for the country," Baker said, calling the NIH proposal "particularly alarming." He said he planned to reach out to the state's Congressional delegation and governors of other states with strong links to the NIH to formulate a strategy.

Trump's budget would also eliminate the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program and the Community Services Block Grant program to achieve a savings of $4.2 billion.

"There are a lot of things in this that concern me," Baker said, though he added that he's well aware that Congress, and not the White House will have the final say on spending. "It's what we might call a suggestion. It's like the governor's budget," Baker said.

Though the governor has also expressed reservations over the House GOP's plan to replace the Affordable Care Act (ACA), Baker said most of the funding changes from ACA repeal would not hit Massachusetts until 2019 or 2020, while an on-time federal budget would kick in starting in October.

Baker said the Congressional Budget Office, which predicted that as many as 24 million Americans would lose their health insurance by 2026 under the House plan, raised "serious and legitimate concerns" with the bill, and he noted that seven Senate Republicans have already said they won't support the bill as it stands, possibly dooming its chances. CBO also projected the bill would reduce federal deficits by $337 billion over the coming decade, with most of the savings associated with reductions in Medicaid outlays and the elimination of ACA subsidies for nongroup health insurance.

"There's a long way to go in this debate and we should not just roll over," Baker said.

The governor's dismay with some of Trump's spending plans were shared by Bay State Democrats.

U.S. Rep. Joseph Kennedy said Trump's budget turns "a cold shoulder" toward those in need, and makes cuts to the Environmental Protection Agency, the State Department, the Peace Corps, legal service and other programs that families and communities rely on.

"A government that does not invest in her people does not put America first. President Trump's budget reinforces inequities in our classrooms, our courtrooms, our behavioral health centers and every community across this country. It threatens the science that makes us strong, the diplomats that keep us safe, and the local investment on which our entire economy depends," Kennedy said in a statement.

U.S. Rep. Niki Tsongas said Trump has taken an irresponsible approach to budgeting, prioritizing defense spending at the expense of other priorities in the nation. Tsongas also said she was disturbed by the EPA cuts and is opposed to the plan to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act. 

"The President's irresponsible approach to budgeting will make severe cuts to some of our nation's most critical programs and agencies, negatively impacting the progress we've seen over the past eight years in critical areas like job training, foreign policy, housing, education, addressing climate change and more," Tsongas said in a statement. "By jeopardizing the stability of the federal workforce, this budget also puts at risk the services utilized by American families every day."

Boston Mayor Martin Walsh planned a 4 p.m. press conference to discuss the local implications of Trump's budget proposal, including the elimination of LIHEAP and community development block grants.

"The President's budget proposal puts cities across America and our residents last. The drastic cuts proposed would destabilize our efforts to increase economic mobility and housing stability in every Boston neighborhood," Walsh in a statement. "Our community will be hit hard by the proposed elimination of help for households in immediate danger of being without heat and Community Development Block grants that support the production of affordable housing and the revitalization of our Main Streets."

At a hearing on Gov. Baker's own fiscal 2018 budget proposal, Rep. Paul Tucker, a Salem Democrat, asked Energy and Environmental Affairs Secretary Matt Beaton about the potential rollback in federal funds. Beaton said his office receives roughly $65 million from the federal government.

"We very much are reliant on some of the funds, so we will be watching this very closely," Beaton said.

Trump proposed $5.7 billion for the Environmental Protection Agency, a 31 percent reduction of $2.6 billion.

Andy Metzger contributed reporting.