Governors from eight states, including Massachusetts, today announced a groundbreaking initiative to put 3.3 million zero-emission vehicles on the roads in their states within a dozen years.
These governors have joined forces to revolutionize the automobile market by promoting zero-emission vehicles. The use of these clean vehicles will reduce greenhouse gas emissions, improve air quality and public health, enhance energy diversity, save consumers money and promote economic growth.
Zero-emission vehicles include battery-electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid-electric vehicles, and hydrogen fuel-cell-electric vehicles. These technologies can be used in passenger cars, trucks and transit buses.
"Increasing electric vehicles in our fleet is a critical component of our efforts in Massachusetts to address air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector and grow the clean energy economy," said Governor Deval Patrick. "Diversifying transportation fuels and providing drivers with options will help reduce vulnerability to price swings in imported oil that hurt consumers and our economy."
Clearing a path
This multi-state effort is intended to expand consumer awareness and demand for zero-emission vehicles. As a first step in this plan, the governors of California, Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island and Vermont signed a cooperative agreement.
For example, the governors agreed to pursue the following efforts:
* Harmonize building codes to make it easier to construct new electric car charging stations;
* Lead by example by including zero-emission vehicles in their public fleets;
* Evaluate and establish, where appropriate, financial and other incentives to promote zero-emission vehicles;
* Consider establishing favorable electricity rates for home charging systems; and
* Develop common standards for roadway signs and charging networks.
The eight states will develop an action plan over the next six months that will include many of these strategies and others.
Creating a market
These states are among a group of states which have adopted rules requiring about 15 percent of new vehicles sold to be zero-emission vehicles by 2025. Collectively, the eight signatory states represent more than 23 percent of the U.S. car market, and expect to have at least 3.3 million of these vehicles operating on their roadways by that time.
The market demand created by these state programs can help lower zero-emission vehicle costs through economies of scale and expand the range of product lines available to consumers.
The cars are here now
U.S. electric car sales in 2012 more than tripled to about 52,000 from 17,000 in 2011. Motorists bought more than 40,000 plug-in cars in the first and second quarters of 2013.
There are currently 16 zero-emission vehicle models available from eight automotive manufacturers; nine run completely on batteries, two on hydrogen fuel cells and five are plug-in hybrid electric vehicles that can run on gasoline as well as battery power. The number of models is expected to increase for model year 2014 and beyond. Several electric vehicle models have won awards for safety, performance and customer satisfaction over the past couple of years.
There are already more than 6,700 charging stations open to the public in the signatory states. By 2015, nearly every major automaker will have zero-emission vehicles available for sale or lease, and more than 200,000 zero-emission vehicles are expected to be on the road across the U.S.
A healthier environment and economy
These clean vehicles will provide a major foothold in the battle to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and their consequences, which include sea level rise, increases in extreme weather and wildfire intensity.
There are economic advantages as well. Electricity is the most widely available source of power and typically costs about two-thirds less than gasoline on a per-mile basis. By 2025, the average zero-emission vehicle driver will save nearly $6,000 in fueling costs over the life of the car.
Just in California, data provided by the state community colleges shows 46,000 businesses now related to advanced transportation, and nearly 600,000 jobs in that field. These include jobs building and servicing vehicles and infrastructure.
In Massachusetts, the Global Warming Solutions Act of 2008 set an aggressive goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 25 percent below 1990 levels by 2020 from all sectors of the economy. The transportation sector accounts for roughly one-third of the greenhouse gases emitted yearly in-state.
On Earth Day 2013, the Patrick Administration launched the Massachusetts Electric Vehicle Incentive Program (MassEVIP) to provide $2.5 million in funding to municipalities to help acquire electric or plug-in hybrid passenger vehicles. The program will also provide funding for the installation of dual electric charging stations. The grant recipients will be announced soon, and a second phase of the MassEVIP program will expand the eligibility to other entities like colleges and universities.
Through another grant program, the Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources' "Clean Cities Program" has already funded 134 charging station across the Commonwealth.
Massachusetts is also working on a regional level with the Northeast States for Coordinated Air Use Management (NESCAUM) and the Northeast Mid-Atlantic states Transportation Climate Initiative to ensure the placement of electric vehicles and charging stations throughout the northeast corridor of the U.S.
The ZEV cooperative agreement, or "Memorandum of Understanding," is available at: http://www.mass.gov/eea/docs/dep/air/priorities/zev-mou-final.pdf
Seven Other Governors on the importance of the Zero-Emission Vehicle MOU:
California: "This is not just an agreement, but a serious and profoundly important commitment," said California Governor Edmund G. Brown Jr. "From coast to coast, we're charging ahead to get millions of the world's cleanest vehicles on our roads."
onnecticut: Governor Dannel P. Malloy said, "This initiative is consistent with Connecticut's Comprehensive Energy Strategy and our focus on providing cheaper, cleaner, and more reliable power for our residents and businesses. As part of that strategy we are working in the transportation sector to encourage the use of alternative fuels and alternative vehicles. In keeping with that approach, we launched a grant program to speed construction of 200 publically available electric vehicle charging stations by early 2014 - which will end 'range anxiety' in our state and increase public interest in owning zero-emission vehicles."
Maryland: "We are excited to be collaborating with other states to ensure the success of our zero-emission vehicle programs. This effort complements work already underway through the Transportation Climate Initiative, in which Maryland and other East Coast states are working to develop a robust charging station network along the I-95 corridor that will permit long-distance travel in electric cars throughout the region. The transition to these advanced technology vehicles will support our efforts to achieve our air quality and climate change goals, and will enhance energy security by reducing our dependence on foreign oil," said Maryland Governor Martin O'Malley. "This is a critical part of our efforts to achieve Maryland's long-term 2050 goal to reduce statewide greenhouse gas emissions 90 percent from 2006 levels."
New York: "This agreement is a major step forward to reducing the emissions that are causing our climate to change and unleashing the extreme weather that we are experiencing with increased frequency," said Governor Andrew M. Cuomo. "This collaboration builds on New York's Charge NY initiative, which is creating a statewide network of 3,000 charging stations by 2018 and will provide New Yorkers with a convenient and affordable alternative to increasingly expensive gasoline and diesel."
Oregon: "This initiative will help states reduce transportation-related air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, enhance energy diversity, save consumers money, and promote economic growth," said Oregon Governor John Kitzhaber. "It also directly supports Oregon's 10-Year Energy Action Plan and will spur innovation that helps us to meet our goals."
Rhode Island: "Rhode Island has already started taking steps and one includes the installation of charging stations throughout the state. We are determined to develop a clean and efficient transportation infrastructure for the future," Governor Lincoln D. Chafee said. "Through the Zero-Emission Vehicle MOU, we have created a vital partnership that will reduce our reliance on imported oil, boost our economy, and save money at the pump. This is an important collaboration that works toward our common goal of protecting our environment."
Vermont: "This collaboration is about partnerships. The signatory states and our neighbors are already coordinating to ensure a viable regional infrastructure for electric cars through programs such as the Transportation Climate Initiative in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic region and the West Coast Electric Highway. The states are committed to working with the automakers, refueling infrastructure suppliers, the electric utilities and other partners to ensure the success of zero-emission vehicle programs from all of our perspectives," said Vermont Governor Peter Shumlin.